ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. It is a a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects both children and adults. ADHD can cause inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, which can result in difficulty with daily activities such as working, studying, or socializing with others. There are different types of ADHD, each with its unique symptoms and characteristics.
The three main types of ADHD are inattentive, hyperactive-impulsive, and combined type.
Inattentive ADHD – Inattentive ADHD is characterized by difficulty in focusing or paying attention to tasks. People with this type may seem disorganized, forgetful, and/or easily distracted. They may have difficulty completing tasks or following instructions. They may also tend to avoid tasks that require sustained mental effort.
Hyperactive-impulsive ADHS – This form of ADHD is characterized by excessive activity, often times expressed as fidgeting or restlessness. People with hyperactive-impulsive ADHD may have difficulty sitting still. They oftentimes interrupt others or engage in inappropriate behaviors.
Combined ADHD – The most common type of ADHD is characterized by a combination of both inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms.
Unspecified ADHD – There is another type of ADHD known as the “unspecified” type. Individuals with this type do not meet the criteria for any specific type of ADHD. This may occur when symptoms are not severe enough to meet the diagnostic criteria for a specific type of ADHD, or when the individual has symptoms that do not fit neatly into any of the three main categories.
Sluggish Cognitive Tempos (SCT) – Some researchers have proposed a subtype of ADHD called sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT). SCT is characterized by symptoms such as daydreaming, lethargy, and slow processing speed. However, this subtype is not yet recognized by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) as a distinct type of ADHD.
It is important to know that no two individuals with ADHD will experience the exact same symptoms, and severity can vary greatly. If you suspect that you or someone you know may have ADHD, it is essential to seek an evaluation from a qualified healthcare provider who can provide an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan.
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